As we roll into growing season here at Shaker Village, I’m looking forward to the early crops coming into The Trustees’ Table from our onsite garden. Our amazing Farm Team works for hours on end to make sure we have the best harvest, and nothing excites me more as a chef than knowing our produce is grown close to the restaurant. In our case, the Shaker Village garden is literally located steps away from the restaurant. The garden is certified organic and the plants are grown directly in the ground. I believe there’s a deeper flavor in all vegetables when they’re grown in soil verses water as some producers have moved to hydroponic growing techniques.
A couple of things stand out in the early stages of the season, the biggest probably being the salad greens. With this harvest of greens that has started flowing into the restaurant you’ll be seeing more and more seasonal salads like the spring Blueberry Salad we have on the menu now. This salad is composed of mixed greens, fresh blueberries, local goat cheese, roasted walnuts and our house-made white wine vinaigrette. When I was writing this menu item I really wanted to bring a fresh, and bright salad to the table for spring. With the brightness of the blueberries and vinaigrette, I believe we did just that, not to mention the many health benefits of blueberries.
As we continue to receive produce from the garden this year you’ll see more dishes focused on the use of our vegetables, taking seed-to-table dining to a new level. I hope you’ll pull up a chair at The Trustees’ Table soon.
Make a reservation to dine for breakfast, lunch or dinner here.
We’re on a constant mission to improve our trail system to make it safer for our trail users, our wildlife, and the land itself. Help us achieve our goals by following some basic trail etiquette on your next trek through our 36-mile trail system.
BEFORE YOU GO…
Call ahead. To protect our trails and our trail users, there will be days when all or part of the trail system is closed. Even when the trails are open, there may be times when parts of the trail are inaccessible due to high water.
When you arrive for your hike, pick up a trail map from the Welcome Center. Read trail descriptions carefully and make a plan on which trail(s) you’ll be visiting.
Did you bring a dog? We love dogs! But we can only allow them on River Road Trail, Palisades Trail, inside the Historic Village grounds and along paved roads. For the safety of our horseback riders and our wildlife, dogs are not allowed anywhere else on the property. Even when you are in a dog-safe area, dogs must stay on leash at all times.
Many of our trails require creek crossings, so prepare to get wet! Avoid low-lying trails during periods of wet weather and carefully watch your children when the creeks are high or surging.
Enter the trail system from any of our three trailheads, and check the sign here before you start your journey. There may be announcements posted at trailhead kiosks.
Snap a photo of the map, as you may lose your trail map during your visit. Drop a pin! This is useful anytime you park your car- open up Google Maps or Apple Maps on your smart phone and long-press (click and hold for a moment) on your location on the map. Your coordinates will be saved. If you have trouble navigating back to your car, your phone can now help steer you back the right direction.
Wear sturdy shoes and bring water, even on a short hike.
ON THE TRAIL…
Pay attention to your surroundings. This is important for your immediate safety, will lower your chances of getting lost, and will help you retrace your steps in the unlikely event that you do get lost.
Stay on marked trails. Many areas of the Preserve are inhabited by sensitive plants and animals and every footstep could be damaging.
Practice Leave No Trace principles – pick up your trash and take nothing but photographs. This means no picking flowers, collecting bones, moving rocks, etc.
Don’t disturb wildlife. This is their home – you’re only visiting! Keep your distance and keep the noise low to ensure a great wildlife-watching experience.
Hikers yield to horses, meaning you should step to the side and allow horseback riders to pass when you meet on the trail.
Cyclists yield to both hikers and horseback riders. If you happen to be on two wheels during your visit, come to a complete stop and step aside to let other trail users pass.
Hikers, horseback riders and cyclists should all be in single-file, not side-by-side, especially when on a narrow, forested trail. This limits damage, makes it easier to stay on trail and allow other users to safely pass if necessary.
Don’t sneak up on other trail users- say hello! This is especially important if you find yourself behind a horse on the trail, as horses can startle unexpectedly. Announce yourself calmly and never approach a horse without its rider’s permission.
AFTER YOUR VISIT…
Check yourself. Ticks are active year-round in our area.
Let us know what you’ve seen on your visit to the Preserve. Tag #shakervillageky in your social media posts.
We’d love for you to join us on our upcoming Walking in Wildflowers trek along the Kentucky River Palisades to view spring ephemeral wildflowers in bloom. And, you can help us keep the Preserve looking pristine by volunteering for Stewardship Saturdays. See you on the trails!
Spring has officially sprung! Sunday, March 20th marked the Vernal Equinox, the first day of astronomical Spring in the Northern Hemisphere. There is an equal amount of daytime and nighttime hours now, and we will continue to gain a bit more daylight every day until the Summer Solstice. We may still see some cold temperatures, as our official last frost date is still a few weeks away, but the farm is waking up from its winter hibernation and preparing to launch another year of Community Supported Agriculture shares.
While not as adorable as the baby lambs that are being born daily at our farm, we have a plethora of baby plants to care for as well! We begin planting our seedlings in the greenhouse in February to ensure we have sturdy healthy plants ready to go into the ground by April. This year we have around 9,000 seedlings started in our greenhouse. These include our cool season spring starts such as brassicas, and some slow growing summer favorites like peppers and tomatoes. We also have flowers for our upcoming Chamber Music Festival, and hanging baskets filled with edibles which we will soon be offering to our guests. Even the plants that were directly sown into the garden are starting to sprout as we head into another productive season.
Last year we began offering Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) pickups. A CSA model allows consumers to purchase a “share” of the upcoming year’s crops. A lump sum payment at the beginning of the season will entitle a customer to a weekly portion of the garden harvest. With small farms on the brink of extinction in the shadow of huge industrial scale farms, and consumers becoming more aware of how unhealthy some agricultural practices can be the CSA model offers a return to wholeness, health and economic viability.
A History of Sharing
CSAs first began to sprout up across the globe as early as the 1960s. In Alabama regenerative agriculture pioneer Dr. Booker T. Whatley popularized the concept of “Clientele Membership Clubs” for small farmers which entailed customers paying up front for a season of food as a way of guaranteeing business. Not only did Dr. Whatley advocate for environmentally sound agriculture and economic equality but he was also pivotal in championing African American Farmers following the civil rights movement.
CSAs offer benefits to the consumer and the farmer in a multitude of ways:
They encourage consumers to eat seasonally.
Eating locally grown produce reduces carbon emissions resulting from importing foods from other regions.
Customers gain agency in choosing their food and how it is produced.
Consumers get the option to support farmers who use methods they embrace for both the environment and the health of the harvest they bring home.
They foster a relationship with the grower and transparency into the processes used on the farm allowing consumers to see exactly how and where their food is grown.
Investing in a local farm supports the local economy keeping revenue within your hometown.
By removing brokers involved in distribution the farmer is able to be fairly compensated. The payment schedule provides a portion of the farm’s operating budget pre-harvest when funds are needed most for seeds and equipment.
In 2001, George Pilley of the Soil Association did a feasibility study that concluded that CSAs have many benefits for both farmers and consumers. He said, “Consumers have access to fresh food from an accountable source with an opportunity to reconnect with the land and influence the landscape they live in. CSAs deliver environmental benefits of few food miles, less packaging and ecologically sensitive farming, and see the return of local distinctiveness and regional food production with higher employment, more local processing, local consumption and circulation of money in the community enhancing local economies.”
Summer & Fall CSAs at The Village
Here at the Shaker Village Farm we will be offering a summer and fall CSA. Each season runs for ten weeks at a cost of $300 per share. That breaks down to just $30 per week! Shares will be sized to support approximately two people with produce for the week.
Each week our shareholders will receive a box with a variety of produce filled with whatever is ripening in the garden. Shareholders will also receive a weekly newsletter with information on farm happenings, tips on storage and recipes. Shares will be picked up on Fridays at the Shaker Village Welcome Center. You can sign up to become a shareholder now. We hope you will partner with us to share in our bounty!
The role of African American Stonemasons in the Bluegrass.
Pony Meyer, PhD, Program Specialist Em J Parsley, MFA, Village Interpreter
Shaker Village of Pleasant Hill was once home to 40 miles of dry-stack rock fences. Today, we maintain 25 miles of these beautiful historic rock fences. Most of them were built during a 15-year period between the 1840s and 1850s.
Like most of the historic rock fences in the Bluegrass region built before the 1860s, these were engineered by expert masons of Irish descent. But they were not the only ones involved in building these rock fences. African Americans played a crucial role as well.
Some people call these fences “slave fences,” but this is a bit of a misconception. There is some truth to the name—enslaved people were part of the workforce assisting Irish stonemasons. However, after emancipation, free African American masons also played an important role in constructing these iconic features of Bluegrass landscapes.
At Pleasant Hill, it is certainly possible that enslaved African Americans assisted in building our rock fences. We do consider the Shakers emancipationists, and Pleasant Hill Shakers purchased the freedom of several enslaved African Americans. We know of at least 21 African Americans who lived here equally as spiritual brothers and sisters. The Shakers never enslaved people, and because they did not believe in personal ownership of property, enslavers were prohibited from formally joining the community.
However, the Shakers at Pleasant Hill did use the labor of enslaved people from surrounding enslavers. Rock fence building was hard work and took many hands. It is therefore possible that enslaved African Americans were part of the workforce for building these fences here at Pleasant Hill.
Elsewhere in the Bluegrass, this was certainly the case, especially on large plantations. In a letter addressed to Woodford County in 1840, for example, a landowner’s son asked “if the [enslaved people] were going to have enough stone hauled in for the new fence so the immigrants could start as soon as the ground settled in the spring.”
Farm records and African American oral traditions also indicate that enslaved people were involved in building these fences. During the antebellum period, they gathered and hauled rocks from quarries to construction sites and dug fence-foundation trenches.
As African Americans worked to assist Irish masons in construction, they eventually acquired the skills to become rock fence masons themselves. The skills, knowledge of tools, vocabulary, and techniques were then shared and passed down through the generations. However, it is difficult to know how many enslaved men were working as stonemasons before the Civil War because the census did not list the occupations of enslaved people.
After emancipation in 1863, however, we know that many of these laborers became accomplished stonemasons and started contracting their own work. Some started their own businesses. In fact, after emancipation the number of African American stonemasons started to increase while the number of Irish stonemasons started to decrease.
In 1870, for example, there were seven African American stonemasons compared to zero Irish in Mercer County. That same year in Boyle County, there were twenty-eight African American stonemasons and two Irish. By 1910, most stone fences in the Bluegrass were built by African Americans.
The Guy family provides us with one such example of five generations of stonemasons in the Bluegrass. Henry Guy, while still enslaved, helped build a rock fence between Shelbyville and Clay Village, a fence that his grandson, John H. Guy, would be responsible for relocating and rebuilding in 1941. The Guy family constructed several other prominent rock fences in the Bluegrass region, including those on the Walmac and Elmendorf farms.
The most recent stonemason in this line, John H. Guy III, is experienced in both dry-laid and mortared construction. In a 1989 interview, Mr. Guy provided some unique insights into the talent necessary for rock fence building, particularly for farm field fences and reconstruction of aged fences. He observed that a senior mason could discern after just a couple of hours if the trainee had the potential to do good-quality work at a rate quick enough to make a living. After all, rock fence masons are still paid by the foot or the rod, not by the hour.
Mr. Guy highlighted the necessary skill of identifying the rock that best fits the space among piles of many differently sized rocks. The mason must further be able to envision how two or more rocks will fit together either vertically or horizontally. There is not a lot of time for troubleshooting or shaping if you want to make money.
At the time of his interview, John H. Guy III was considered one the best in the trade in Franklin County.
Rock fences are an integral part of Kentucky history, particularly in the Bluegrass region where the Shakers of Pleasant Hill lived for more than 100 years. The contributions of the skilled work of African American stonemasons is an important part of this history.
This blog is largely informed by the research of Dr. Karl Raitz and Carolyn Murray-Wooley. For more information on rock fences in the Bluegrass and the role of African Americans in this trade, please see the references listed below.
“A Visit to the Shakers of Mercer Co. Ky.” Valley Farmer (October 1856).
Carolyn Murray-Wooley and Karl Raitz, Stone Fences of the Bluegrass (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1992), 94.
The holiday season is all about gathering together with family and friends, and it usually involves a cocktail or two. We mix up drinks all year at The Trustees’ Table, and in the spring, summer and fall we serve them from our Music Bar on The Trustees’ Lawn during the Music on the Lawn series.
Our Music Bar Bartender Jim Rogan spends time researching and formulating each recipe before serving it up at Shaker Village. We wanted to share Jim’s top-selling cocktails from the Music Bar this year so you can recreate them at home and toast to 2022.
Best-Selling Music Bar Cocktails
1.5 oz amaretto .75 oz cask-proof bourbon such as Booker’s or Baker’s 1.0 oz fresh squeezed lemon juice 1 tsp simple syrup (2:1) .5 oz egg white, lightly beaten
Combine ingredients in a cocktail shaker and shake without ice or use an immersion blender to combine and froth. Add ice and shake well. Strain over fresh ice in an old-fashioned glass. Garnish with lemon peel and brandied cherries, if desired.
Recipe by Jeffrey Morgenthaler, Portland, Oregon
2.0 oz Wild Turkey 101 bourbon or other high proof bourbon 1.0 oz fresh squeezed lemon juice .5 oz simple syrup (1:1) .5 oz house made Grenadine Dash of Absinth Garnish: lemon wheel
Combine ingredients with ice in shaker and shake to chill. Strain into chilled cocktail glass or rocks glass with fresh ice. Garnish with lemon wheel.
House Made Grenadine 2.5 cups R. W. Knudsen pomegranate juice 1 cup simple syrup ½ cup dark rich brandy
Pour pomegranate juice and simple syrup into a small saucepan and bring to a boil over medium heat. Decrease the heat to low and reduce mixture until it becomes syrupy enough to coat the back of a spoon, about 20 minutes. Let cool and add the brandy. Pour into a food safe container and store in refrigerator. Will keep for 2 weeks.
Adapted from Speakeasy, Classic Cocktails Reimagined by Jason Kosmas and Dushan Zaric
2.0 oz vodka 1.5 oz pineapple juice .5 oz Chambord Garnish: lemon peel
Combine ingredients with ice in shaker and shake to chill. Strain into chilled, stemmed cocktail glass or into rocks glass with fresh ice. Garnish with lemon peel.
2.0 oz Woodford Reserve bourbon 1.0 oz sweet vermouth Dash of Regans’ No. 6 orange bitters Garnish: orange peel
Stir ingredients with ice in mixing glass to chill. Strain into stemmed cocktail glass or into rock glass with fresh ice. Express orange peel over glass and drop in glass.
Jim’s Bartender Note: My wife Marty usually works weekends greeting guests as they arrive at the entrance to Shaker Village. One weekend in June three ladies came up to the Music Bar after talking to Marty and told me they wanted a Manhattan just like the Manhattan I make for her at our evening cocktail hour. I was a bit puzzled and finally one of the ladies said, “You know, the Marty Manhattan.” That’s the story behind the name.
If you’d like to learn more about making cocktails and the history behind their origin check out our Cocktail Craftsmanship & Sipinar class lead by Jim on January 22nd at Shaker Village.
Shaker Village of Pleasant Hill | 3501 Lexington Road, Harrodsburg KY 40330 | shakervillageky.org | 800.734.5611